The Ezra Muddle
Podcast Episode: 2.3 The Ezra Muddle.
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Disentangling the Many Books of Ezra
The many books of Ezra in the Jewish and Christian traditions are a nightmare to distentangle. In the chart below I do my best to work out the mess.
|Jewish Tradition||Modern Catholic and Protestant||Latin Vulgate (Former Catholic)||Ethiopian||LXX & Greek Orthodox||Slavonic Orthodox||Content and Notes|
|Ezra||Ezra||1 Esdras||1 Ezra||Esdras β
|Nehemiah||2 Esdras (Nehemias)
Known as 1 Esdras in early editions of the King James Bible, and in the modern NRSV.
Also called Greek Ezra.
|2 Esdras||Consists of 2 Chron 35-36, Ezra 1-10, Nehemiah 7:72-8:13, and the Story of the Three Youths.|
|4 Esdras (as an appendix)
Also called Latin Esdras or Latin Ezra.
Known as 2 Esdras in early editions of the King James Bible, and in the modern NRSV.
|Ezra Setuel||—||3 Esdras (as an appendix)||Ch. 3–14 consist of the book known as 4 Ezra, or the Jewish Apocalypse
of Ezra. Probably written 100–150 AD.
|—||Ch. 1–2 consist of the book known as 5 Ezra. Probably written 180–300 AD.|
|Ch. 15–16 consist of the book known as 6 Ezra. Probably written 100–300 AD.|